Evolution of Human Language
Evolution der menschlichen Sprache


Asking questions about how, where, and when human language evolved was not pertinent in university-seminars on language fifty years ago. Professional linguists were trained to study the structure of syntax. Historical linguists studied how languages changed, but their methods would not allow a time depth of more than about four to six millania. Questions about the origin of language were considered un-scientific. Only about twenty years ago papers on language evolution started to be published in increasing number. Today the field of Evolutionary Linguistics is very much alive and to me utterly fascinating.
My collection of books and ideas on how language began, how it changed our ways of interacting-communicating and our thinking about the world and ourselves:


1990 - 2006:
Texts on Language Evolution

Index Origin of Language

Geschichte der Sprachentwicklung: Texts and Excerpts
________________________________________________

2008: Studying Language Evolution:
Important new ideas:
A collection of texts and new thinking-tools for the study of language

Christine Kenneally The First Word
The search for the origins of language
Viking 2007

Working through Christine Kenneally’s „The First Word“ made me rethink many of the ideas that I had learnt and collected over the years.
Updating my ideas on language and language evolution:
Update I
Update II

Linguistics 2008
Evolutionary Linguistics


Helmut Willke Atopia Studien zur atopischen Gesellschaft
Suhrkamp 2001
Willke Atopia 117
Im Verlauf des Ausbaus dieser Systemtheorie sah sich Luhmann zu grundlegenden Umstellungen in der begrifflichen und konzeptionellen Fundamente der Soziologie veranlasst:

von Struktur auf Prozess,
von Handlung auf Kommunikation,
von Individuum auf System,
von Sicherheit auf Kontingenz
von Simplizität auf Komplexität
von Sprache auf Kommunikationsmedium
von Linearität auf Rekursivität
von Gefahr auf Risiko,
von Reduktionismus auf Autopoiesis
von Einheit auf Differenz.

Index Cognitive Linguistics

Zoltan Kövecses - Gary Marcus
- Gilles Fauconnier
- Jerome Feldman :

Kövecses 327:
An Account of Meaningful Experience: We make use of a relatively small number of cognitive processes in making sense of experiences. We categorise the world, organize our knowledge into frames, make use of within-frame mappings (metaphor), build image-schemas from bodily experience and apply these to what we experience, divide our experience into figures and grounds, set up mental spaces and further mappings between them in the online process of understanding, and have the ability to skillfully and creatively integrate conceptual materials from the mental spaces that is set up.
We do not do most of this in a conscious way; our cognitive system operates unconsciously most of the time. It is these and some additional cognitive processes that participate in our unconscious meaning making activity.


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