Fields of Study

Where do we come from?
Who are we?
Where do we go?

There are many more questions we humans can ask - We can ask how we came to be? How we came to be able to ask questions? We can ask what our questions and answers mean. How can we know? How can we know that we know? What is human knowledge?

All the books I have been reading in the course of the last twenty years are about such questions. Most of the authors of these books are my contemporaries, they all ask their questions from a similar background - the cultural background of twentieth century Western Thinking.

I believe that our cultural background has changed a great deal in the course of the last fifty years. From a search for "secure" knowledge we moved to what I call "The Wisdom of Insecurity" (Alan Watts). We are no longer satisfied with "factual knowledge" - we search for meaning.

All thinkers. philosophers and scientists, ask questions. And I, the reader, must try to understand, interpret, and order in my brain what they communicate.
And then I need to make the order that my brain is ordering accessible by making lists that I can recall from my memory. So - here is my very personal list of the questions I have been studying:


Where do we come from?

History - Evolution - Mythology - Religion - Cultural Knowledge -Language

Religion: index_religion
Daoism: index_dao
Buddhism: index_buddhism
Evolution: index_evolution
Evolution of Society: index_evosoz.html

My very personal list must give a prominent place to the study of language.
I have asked questions about how we humans cooperate, how we communicate, how our capacity to speak is related to what we call Society or Culture.

Language: index-language
Evolution of Language: sprachevolution.html
Origins of Language: index_origins-language

Who are we?

Our bodies - our brains - our thoughts - our dreams - our imaginations - our knowledge - our beliefs - our fears - our hopes

Brain: brain.html
Mirror neurons: index_mirror-neurons
Neurolinguistics: neurolinguistics
Cognition: index_cog.html

Cognitive Linguistics: index_cog.linguistics

I learnt - fifty years ago - that we became "human" by growing a big brain, which allowed us to develop language, thinking and consciousness. Is the big brain really all we need?
Cognitive Scientists have shown me, that studying the functioning of our brain-mind can teach us deep insights on the Perennial Question: Who are we?

Consciousness: consciousness.html
Computation: computation
Complexity: complexity
Selforganisation: index selforganisation
Communication :index_Kom.html
Media: index_medien
Information: index_information
Intelligence: index-intelligence
Mind: index_mind
Theory of Mind: index-ToM Mind-reading
Intentionality: index-intentionality
Systems-Theory: systemtheorie.html
My (former) teaching assignments: index_sal

Texts on the evolution of
Cognition - Language - Communication - Society:
Kommunikation - Interagieren - kooperieren - koordinieren
Kommunikationstechnologien: Medien - Sprachtheorien
Denken - Psycholinguistik - Kognitionstheorie
Sprache - Evolution der menschlichen Sprachfähigkeit
Gesellschaften) - Gesellschaftsformen: Horde - Stamm - Staat


Where are we going?

Our plans - our future
...the future is wide open. I no longer desire to plan it!

Mark Johnson: Philosophy as the search for meaning: Given the limitations of embodied human understanding, philosophy cannot be properly construed in the traditional ways – as, for instance, the quest of the certain knowledge, the search for absolute truth, the pursuit of supreme moral principles or the discovery of Being-Itself. Instead, philosophy is reflective enquiry into the fullest, richest, deepest meaning of experience, as a way of helping us to deal with the real problems of human existence that define our existential conditions. Philosophy needs to help us re-establish our visceral connections to ourselves, to other people, and to the world. It should help us rediscover the experiential depth of the situation we find ourselves in, so that we can base our inquiry and decisions on the appropriately complex understanding of the meaning of what we are encountering. And then philosophy must employ the capacities and tools of the embodied mind in an attempt to transform our situation for the better.

Feldman 325
Whatever combination of biological and cultural evolution gave rise to early human language, it is no mystery that it developed rapidly, and, in all cultures, has a vast array of uses in human communication and thought. We would love to know more about how language evolved, but it is unlikely that any theory of language origins would change our basic ideas of who we are and how the world works.

Who are we? How does the world work? Can "science" answer such questions? That is a question which points to a fundamental question: What is the difference between "knowledge" - and "wisdom" ? That is what I should like to know. I am searching for a synthesis of knowledge and wisdom.

My Reading Diary